Western Ghats, India
The Western Ghats, stretching some 1600 kilometres near India’s western coast and through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, is one of the world’s true biodiversity hotspots. Over 7,400 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species and 288 freshwater fish species can be found in the Ghats, and, because of the uniqueness of the ecosystems, it is likely there are more species to be identified.
Whilst some parts of the Western Ghats are protected as world heritage and/or other protected area designations (tiger reserves, national parks for example) there are still development pressures. Because of these, it is an incredible landscape in a state of flux.